Hackers seized control of the personal blog of Mark Karpeles, CEO of the bankrupt Mt. Gox Bitcoin exchange, on Sunday and posted a message accusing him of stealing 100,000 bitcoins (BTC).
"It's time that MTGOX got the bitcoin communities wrath instead of [the] Bitcoin Community getting Goxed," read the message, which hackers posted both to Karpeles's magicaltux.net site as well as to his Reddit page. "This release would have been sooner, but in [the] spirit of responsible disclosure and making sure all of [our] ducks were in a row, it took a few days longer than [we] would have liked to verify the data."
The data in question referred to a dump -- a.k.a. dox -- in the form of a 716-MB zip file, which hackers distributed via Karpeles's site, and which purportedly contained evidence of fraud. "Included in this download you will find relevant database dumps, CSV exports, specialized tools, and some highlighted summaries compiled from data. Keeping in line with [expletive] Gox alone, no user database dumps have been included." The zip file also includes an Excel spreadsheet listing about a million Mt. Gox trades, a screenshot of hackers' access to the systems of Mt. Gox's parent company, Tibanne Limited, a listing of Mark Karpeles's home addresses, as well as his CV, Forbes reported.
[Mt. Gox is not the only Bitcoin exchange with problems. See Bitcoin Heists Cause More Trouble.]
Also included -- and excerpted in a post to Pastebin -- were the exchange's alleged balances, in 18 different currencies, including a bitcoin balance of 951,116 BTC. Whoever hacked Karpeles's site cited that number as evidence that the Mt. Gox chief lied about the site going bankrupt, since he'd said that attackers appeared to have stolen 850,000 bitcoins. In other words, there appeared to be a discrepancy involving 100,000 BTC, which would have been worth about $62.4 million.
Some Bitcoin followers read that discrepancy as evidence that Karpeles still controlled a horde of bitcoins, no matter whether hackers had stolen the rest. Or in the words of one Reddit commenter: "We've been goxed!"
But other Bitcoin watchers said that the leaked data, while likely legitimate, didn't prove anything about the actual state of either Mt. Gox's coffers -- to say nothing of its accounting prowess. "It's legit data, but it's not proof of anything," said "PuffyHerb" on Reddit. "This is Mt. Gox's internal accounting. If there are problems with this, then it lines up with what they've been [saying] all along (i.e. they didn't know BTC was being siphoned off)."
While Karpeles appears to have blanked out his personal site after hackers began using it to distribute their dox, supposed copies of the data dump have been mirrored to other download sites and are also circulating via BitTorrent.
As the hackers' accusations suggest, many Bitcoin aficionados are fuming over Mt. Gox's meltdown, and don't mind taking revenge at the expense of other Mt. Gox -- or Bitcoin -- users. On a related note, as Forbes first reported, a Bitcoin Forum user called "nanashi___" on Friday posted a message offering to sell a 20-GB file of user information -- including passport scans -- allegedly stolen from Mt. Gox, for 100 bitcoins (about $62,000) to cover losses he incurred from the exchange's failure. "Selling it one or two times to make up personal loses from gox closure," according to the post, which has since been deleted by the forum's administrators. "Asking 100BTC for entire document. Willing to sell it in pieces, 10BTC for 2gb of data."
Revenge aside, fresh evidence that Mt. Gox's bitcoins were stolen by outside attackers surfaced Sunday, when The Japan News reported -- referencing multiple, unnamed sources -- that the exchange was being hammered by distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, peaking at 150,000 system access attempts per second. The attacks, which reportedly originated from systems in the United States and Europe, began on February 7, and apparently occurred at the same time as hackers were draining the company's bitcoin balance via transaction malleability attacks.
On February 10, Mt. Gox suspended all bitcoin withdrawals, before filing for bankruptcy protection on February 28.
While it's not clear whether Mt. Gox's bitcoin thieves also launched the DDoS attacks, criminals have regularly employed DDoS smokescreens to steal bitcoins. In November, for example, the Denmark-based Bitcoin Internet Payment System (BIPS) was hit by a DDoS attack at the same time that attackers hacked into the company's free online wallets and stole 1,295 bitcoins, worth nearly $1 million. According to Kris Henriksen, CEO of the Bitcoin payment processor, the attacks against his site appeared to emanate "from Russia and neighboring countries."
Cybercriminals wielding APTs have plenty of innovative techniques to evade network and endpoint defenses. It's scary stuff, and ignorance is definitely not bliss. How to fight back? Think security that's distributed, stratified, and adaptive. Read our Advanced Attacks Demand New Defenses report today. (Free registration required.)Mathew Schwartz served as the InformationWeek information security reporter from 2010 until mid-2014. View Full Bio